If it is not configured, the cellular interface is presented on the interface list either by modem USB address, or if serial modem is used, by modem name. This 'fake' interface name is replaced by 'proper' interface name (e.g., ppp0) when the first modem configuration is submitted.
The cellular interface should be configured by first enabling it in the TCP/IP tab, and then setting the Cellular tab. Note that the cellular interface can only be set as WAN using DHCP. The cellular interface configuration options are described below.
The Cellular tab contains the following configuration parameters:
Model - specifies the modem model.
Network Technology - describes the network technology used by this modem.
Modem Identifier - provides a unique name for this modem.
Interface # - provides a unique number for the modem interface (e.g., an interface # of 0 would name the modem interface ppp0).
Dial String - instructs how the modem should attempt to connect. Typical dial strings are as follows:
- HSPA modem - atd*99***1#
- EVDO/CDMA modem - atd#777
APN - defines the modem access point name (HSPA modems only).
Auth Type - specifies the authentication type (HSPA modems only).
Username - supplies the username; disabled if no authentication method is specified.
Password - supplies the password; disabled if no authentication method is specified.
Modem Reset Timeout - sets the modem reset timeout in minutes. If set to a non-zero value, the modem is reset after n consecutive minutes of unsuccessful connection attempts. If set to zero, the modem keeps trying to establish a PPP connection without resetting. The default value is 5 minutes.
Reopen Connection on Termination - sets the persist option of the PPP daemon that specifies if PPP daemon should exit after connection is terminated. Note that the maxfail option still has an effect on persistent connections.
Connection Attempts Retry Delay: Sets the holdoff parameter to instruct the PPP daemon on how many seconds to wait before re-initiating the link after it terminates. This option only has any effect if the persist option (Reopen Connection on Termination) is set to true. The holdoff period is not applied if the link was terminated because it was idle. The default value is 1 second.
Connection Attempts - sets the maxfail option of the PPP daemon that limits the number of consecutive failed PPP connection attempts. The default value is 5 connection attempts. A value of zero means no limit. The PPP daemon terminates after the specified number of failed PPP connection attempts and restarts by the ModemMonitor thread.
Disconnect if Idle - sets the idle option of the PPP daemon, which terminates the PPP connection if the link is idle for a specified number of seconds. The default value is 95 seconds. To disable this option, set it to zero.
Active Filter - sets the active-filter option of the PPP daemon. This option specifies a packet filter (filter-expression) to be applied to data packets in order to determine which packets are regarded as link activity, and thereby, reset the idle timer. The filter-expression syntax is as described for tcpdump(1); however, qualifiers that do not apply to a PPP link, such as ether and arp, are not permitted. The default value is inbound. To disable the active-filter option, leave it blank.
LCP Echo Interval - sets the lcp-echo-interval option of the PPP daemon. If set to a positive number, the modem sends LCP echo request to the peer at the specified number of seconds. To disable this option, set it to zero. This option may be used with the lcp-echo-failure option to detect that the peer is no longer connected.
LCP Echo Failure - sets the lcp-echo-failure option of the PPP daemon. If set to a positive number, the modem presumes the peer to be dead if a specified number of LCP echo-requests are sent without receiving a valid LCP echo-reply. To disable this option, set it to zero.
Enable GPS - enables GPS with the following conditions:
- One modem port will be dedicated to NMEA data stream.
- This port may not be used to send AT commands to the modem.
- PositionService should be enabled. Serial settings of PositionService should not be changed; it will be redirected to the modem GPS port automatically.
This section applies to Telit products LE910-EU1, LE910-V2 EU/NA, LE910C1 and to other Telit products whose USB PID is 0x1201.
The following procedure MUST be followed to ensure that the authentication parameters used by the modem to register to an LTE network are effectively updated.
- Invalidate the PDP context by modifying the APN parameter, setting it to any string as long as it is different from the current one
- Apply changes
- Set the desired values of APN, Auth Type, Username and Password
- Apply changes
If PDP Context ID (CID) 1 is used in the Dial String, the modem will have to deregister from the network and register again before the PPP link can be established. This will automatically happen when the Modem Reset Timeout expires or after a power cycle of the device. Other PDP context identifiers do not require a re-registration of the modem after the authentication parameters are changed; in an LTE network, CID 1 is special as it is automatically activated on network registration and it is assigned the default EPS bearer. Usually it's not recommended to update this context unless explicitly required by the mobile network operator.
Please note that some mobile operators, especially in private APN subscriptions, do not allow activating more than one PDP context so for LTE networks CID 1 should always be preferred.
This section describes the changes applied by ESF at the Linux networking configuration. Please read the following note before proceeding with manual changes of the Linux networking configuration.
Avoid Conflicting Configuration Changes
Eurotech does NOT recommend performing manual editing of the Linux networking configuration files when the gateway configuration is being managed through ESF. While Linux may correctly accept manual changes, ESF may not be able to interpret the new configuration resulting in an inconsistent state.
When the cellular configuration is submitted, ESF generates peer and chat scripts used by the PPP daemon to establish a PPP connection. Examples of these scripts for HSPA and EVDO modems are shown below.
921600 unit 0 logfile /var/log/HE910-D_2-1.5 debug connect 'chat:v:f /etc/ppp/scripts/chat_HE910-D_2-1.5' disconnect 'chat:v:f /etc/ppp/scripts/disconnect_HE910-D_2-1.5' modem lock noauth noipdefault defaultroute usepeerdns noproxyarp novj novjccomp nobsdcomp nodeflate nomagic idle 95 active-filter 'inbound' persist holdoff 1 maxfail 5 connect-delay 1000
ABORT "BUSY" ABORT "VOICE" ABORT "NO CARRIER" ABORT "NO DIALTONE" ABORT "NO DIAL TONE" ABORT "ERROR" "" "+++ath" OK "AT" OK AT+CGDCONT=1,"IP","c1.korem2m.com" OK "\d\d\d" "" "atd-99---1#" CONNECT "\c"
921600 unit 0 logfile /var/log/DE910-DUAL_1-1.5 debug connect 'chat:v:f /etc/ppp/scripts/chat_DE910-DUAL_1-1.5' disconnect 'chat:v:f /etc/ppp/scripts/disconnect_DE910-DUAL_1-1.5' crtscts lock noauth defaultroute usepeerdns idle 95 active-filter 'inbound' persist holdoff 1 maxfail 5 connect-delay 10000
ABORT "BUSY" ABORT "VOICE" ABORT "NO CARRIER" ABORT "NO DIALTONE" ABORT "NO DIAL TONE" ABORT "ERROR" "" "+++ath" OK "AT" OK "ATE1V1&F&D2&C1&C2S0=0" OK "ATE1V1" OK "ATS7=60" OK "\d\d\d" "" "atd#777" CONNECT "\c"
Updated about 1 year ago