Authentication and Authorization

Kura 5 and ESF 7 introduce a centralized authentication and authorization framework based on the OSGi UserAdmin specification. This framework introduce the concepts of identities and permissions:

  • Identity: A Kura identity is related to authentication, an identity has a name and a set of associated credentials, for example a password.

  • Permission: A Kura permission is related to authorization. Zero or more permissions can be assigned to a given identity. Each permission allows to access a set of resources and/or perform certain operations. Permissions can be defined by applications.

Examples of applications that use the new authentication and authorization framework are the Web Console and the REST API framework:

  • ESF Web Console provides multi user support, Web Console users are mapped to Kura identities, the Web Console also defines a set of permissions that allow to restrict the operations that a given identity is allowed to perform.
  • The ESF REST API framework users are now mapped to Kura identities and REST roles are mapped to Kura permissions. The old ConfigurationService based user and role definition mechanism has been dropped.

The authentication and authorization framework only allows to define and store identities and permissions, it does not provide implementation of authentication methods and/or session management. These aspects are left to applications.

Permission and identity representation

Permissions and identities are implemented on top of the UserAdmin User and Group concepts. See OSGi UserAdmin specification for more details on the Role, User and Group concepts.

Identities

A Kura identity is represented as a UserAdmin User with the following properties:

  • The User name must be in the kura.user.${identity_name} form where ${identity_name} is a non empty string representing the identity name. The name of an User representing a Kura identity must start with the kura.user. prefix.

  • A password may be assigned to an identity by defining a property in User credentials with the following format:

    • The property name must be kura.password
    • The property value must be a string containing SHA256 hash of the password, as computed by the
    String org.eclipse.kura.crypto.CryptoService.sha256Hash(String)
    

    method.

Permissions

A Kura permission is represented as a UserAdmin Group with the following properties:

  • The Group name must be in the kura.permission.${permission_name} form where ${permission_name} is a non empty string representing the permission name. The name of a Group representing a Kura permission must start with the kura.permission. prefix.

  • Assigning a permission to a specific identity can be done by adding the User representing the identity to the basic members of the Group representing the permission.

UserAdmin persistence

The org.eclipse.kura.internal.useradmin.store.RoleRepositoryStoreImpl Kura service allows to persist the UserAdmin state in Kura configuration snapshot, this includes the defined identities and permissions.

The following configuration properties are used to store the UserAdmin concepts in Json format:

  • Role configuration (id roles.config):

    Stores the UserAdmin Roles, plain Roles are non used for representing Kura identities and permissions.
    The value must be a JSON array of Role elements.

  • User configuration (id users.config):

    Stores the UserAdmin Users.
    The value must be a JSON array of User elements.

  • Group configuration (id groups.config):

    Stores the UserAdmin Groups.
    The value must be a JSON array of Group elements.

JSON representation details

This section describes the JSON format used in org.eclipse.kura.internal.useradmin.store.RoleRepositoryStoreImpl configuration.

UserAdminDictValue

A value appearing in UserAdmin dictionaries like properties and credentials

  • type : variant

    Variants:

    • a String property
      • type : string
    • a byte[] property
      • type : array, element description:
        a byte of the array encoded as an unsigned integer
        • type : number

Examples:

"A string property"
[1, 2, 3, 4, 5]

UserAdminDict

A UserAdmin property dictionary, there are no well known property names, property values must be of UserAdminDictValue type

  • type : object

Example:

{
  "stringProperty": "A string property",
  "byteArrayProperty": [1, 2, 3, 4, 5]
}

Role

An object describing and UserAdmin Role

  • type : object

    Properties:

  • name
    The role name

    • type : string
  • properties

User

An object describing and UserAdmin User

  • type : object

    Properties:

  • name
    The role name

    • type : string
  • properties

  • credentials

Example:

{
  "name": "kura.user.appadmin",
  "credentials": {
    "kura.password": "3hPckF8Zc+IF3pVineBvck3zJERUl8itosySULE1hpM="
  }
}

Group

An object describing and UserAdmin Group

  • type : object

    Properties:

  • name
    The role name

    • type : string
  • properties

  • credentials

  • basicMembers

    • optional If the list is empty
      The list of the group basic members
      • type : array, element description:
        A role name
        • type : string
  • requiredMembers

    • optional If the list is empty
      The list of the group required members
      • type : array, element description:
        A role name
        • type : string

Example:

{
  "name": "kura.permission.kura.wires.admin",
  "basicMembers": ["kura.user.appadmin"]
}